Center for International Stabilization & Recovery

CISR envisions a world where people can build peaceful and prosperous futures free from the repercussions of conflict and disaster.

We help communities affected by conflict and trauma through innovative and reliable research, training, information exchange, and direct services such as:

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Mozambique could be free of anti-personnel land mines by the end of this year, according to the head of operations of the National Demining Institute (IND), Antonio Martins.

Speaking at a Maputo seminar, intended to draw up plans for assisting land mine victims, Martins said that in 2013, 592 areas suspected of containing land mines, and covering a total area of 9.33 million square metres, were demined.

That still leaves another 500 areas suspected of contamination in 19 districts. “A total of 5.6 million square metres needs to be demined”, said Martins, estimating the budget for this at 17 million US dollars. One of the main challenges, he added, is demining the border between Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

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Mogadishu — After liberating regions of Somalia from al-Shabaab, the government must now deal with the landmines the militant group left behind and look to international partners for help, observers say.

"Landmines have been planted everywhere, especially in areas affected by conflict," said retired Colonel Mohamed Farah, a de-mining expert and military adviser to the Somali armed forces. "They pose a huge threat to everyone, as even mosques and Qur’an schools are not safe from them."

"Areas that were previously under al-Shabaab’s control are heavily mined, as the group planted thousands of landmines and explosive devices in those areas to secure strategic locations and prevent the Somali armed forces and the African Union forces from making progress," he told Sabahi.

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Last week, disgruntled Angolan war veterans threatened to stage yet another round of protests to claim unpaid pensions.

The veterans want a lump sum demobilisation gratuity of around 55 000 kwanzas ($550) and a monthly pension. Thousands of Angola’s war veterans have not been adequately integrated into society, through, for instance, being offered financial guarantees, vocational rehabilitation assistance and post-war trauma counselling. Occupying an important place in Angola’s body politic, the group has become increasingly visible and vocal as a political force. In June, discontented war veterans, though small in number, flexed their muscle and staged protest marches to the presidential palace and the Ministry of Defence.

Set against the backdrop of high levels of graft, unemployment and poverty, as well as a high cost of living and preparations for a general election to be held on 31 August, it is imperative for the Angolan government that it manages to pre-empt the disruptive potential of disenchanted ex-fighters. Indeed, analysts have warned that dissent from the war veterans and a burgeoning youth movement could result in a lower voter turnout or a drop in support for the ruling MPLA.

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The conflict has ended but many humanitarian needs remain.

In recent weeks, the ICRC renewed its agreement with the Libyan authorities for several years, and provided urgent assistance for wounded people following clashes in Sabha and close to the Tunisian border.

Assistance for medical facilities in Zwarra, Jmail and Ragdalin

Clashes broke out on 2 April near the towns of Zwarra and Ragdalin, about 120 kilometres west of Tripoli, along the road leading to Tunisia. “The violence left around 25 people dead and over 300 wounded,” said Fatma Eljack, an ICRC delegate.

On 4 and 5 April, the ICRC and the Libyan Red Crescent provided medical supplies for first aid and emergency treatment, body bags and stretchers for the hospitals of Zwarra and Jmail and for the primary health-care unit in Ragdalin.

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