Center for International Stabilization & Recovery

CISR envisions a world where people can build peaceful and prosperous futures free from the repercussions of conflict and disaster.

We help communities affected by conflict and trauma through innovative and reliable research, training, information exchange, and direct services such as:

Mine Risk Education
Peer Support
Management Training
Scientific Research
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Posts tagged "robert keeley"

In 2005, the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining conducted “A Study of Manual Mine Clearance” for the U.N. Mine Action Service. This study examined the development of manual mine clearance from World War II until 2005 in efforts to contribute to the development of effective and efficient demining programs.

More recently, Dr. Robert Keeley, a former British Army Bomb Disposal Officer who has worked in humanitarian demining since 1991, was asked about current manual-demining productivity. He writes that “a quick look suggests that little has been done (at least in the public domain) since the 2005 Manual Demining Study coordinated by Tim Lardner to put more flesh on the bones, particularly to try to measure the way that different terrain factors can affect productivity. The 2005 study produced a global average but didn’t really quantify how that average might vary if other factors were added or removed.”  

Related to this, Keeley and John Dingley, a senior technical adviser for the United Nations Mine Action Service, examined terrain “reduction factors” in order to demonstrate how demining productivity may vary in differing conditions. Based on these experiences and the present lack of information on recent demining productivity, Keeley developed a short 10-question multiple choice survey to resuscitate this idea of “reduction factors.”

Dr. Keeley expresses that “I would be really grateful if everyone with relevant experience could have a look at this and complete the form. Normal survey rules apply. The results are anonymous, and there is no ‘right’ answer for any question. Please note that what we need is what is actually experienced, not what we might think the answer ‘should’ be. Please also remember there may be a significant difference between ‘average’ rates and ‘best’ rates.”

I hope this could be of use to us all, and of course the more people who fill it in, the more statistical value the results have. So please take a few minutes to have a look.”

The survey can be found at, and CISR will share the results once the study is completed.